PhD Scientific Days är ett forum för doktorander inom biomedicin där de kan presentera sitt arbete och skaffa sig kontakter och samarbetspartners samt diskutera problem som kan uppstå under doktorandutbildningen.

Läs mer om PhD Scientific Days 2015

Den aktuella vinnande studien har således författats av ungerska doktorander tillsammans med internationella seniora forskare inom HOUPE-projektet, där Ann Fridner är internationell samordnare.

Läs mer om HOUPE-projektet

Läs mer om Ann Fridner


Nistor, A., Nistor, K., Løvseth, L.T., Fridner, A., & Ádám, S. (2015). Relationship between burnout and organizational factors among Hungarian university hospital physicians, the HOUPE study. PhD Scientific Days 2015, Semmelwis University, Budapest, Hungary, 9-10 April, 2015.


Background: Burnout -a chronic work stress-related condition- affecting physicians became a serious public health issue as it may adversely impact the quality of patient care. In Hungary, the prevalence of burnout among physicians is particularly high, while the health status of the population is generally poor. While data on task-level determinants of burnout is abundant, little is known about the relationship between burnout and organizational-level factors.

Aims: The study aims at determining the level of burnout among the physicians working at Semmelweis University. Our goal is to analyze the relationship between organizational factors and exhaustion, respectively disengagement.

Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted among 162 Hungarian physicians (50.6% male, 49.4% female). The average age of the sample was of 44.21 years (SD=10.47). For the assessment of the two dimensions of burnout (exhaustion and disengagement) the MOLBI questionnaire was used. Scales of the QPS-Nordic were used for the assessment of  organizational factors such as human resource primacy, empowering leadership, innovative climate, role conflict respectively control of work pacing. The scales of the applied questionnaires showed good reliability, with α values between 0.63-0.88.

Results: Around half of the physicians reported higher than average levels of exhaustion (54.9%) and disengagement (45.7%). Controlling for age and gender, stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that exhaustion was predicted by human resource primacy (β=-.34, p<.001), role conflict (β=.19, p=.016), innovative leadership (β=-.23, p=.009) as well as control over work pace (β=-.19, p=.012). They explained 20.4% of the variance (R2=22.4, F(4,155)=11.16, p<.001). Disengagement was predicted by human resource primacy (β=-.23, p=.004), role conflict (β=.2, p=.015), and the age group of 30-34 years (β=.23, p=.002), accounting for 18.8% of the variance (R2=20.4, F(3,156)=13.3, p<.001).

Conclusion: Our results call for urgent policy changes concerning work structure and improved leadership skills in order to reduce the prevalence of burnout among university hospital physicians.