Educational system facts in brief
Here you will find a brief synopsis of the main features of the Bologna reforms, implemented as of 1 July 2007, and how they affect Stockholm University.
- Higher education in Sweden is now divided into three cycles: the undergraduate, or first cycle (3 years), the Masters, or second cycle (2 years), and the PhD, or third cycle (4 years).
- The Master's degree has been introduced into Swedish higher education.
- For each degree, there is a degree description whose goals are expressed in terms of expected educational outcomes: what a student may be expected to know, understand, master or perform after having completed the degree.
- New professional degrees have been introduced, such as the BA in Business Administration (4 years). For the Faculty of Law, the basic degree will henceforth be called Master of Laws.
- At Stockholm University, a goal-related seven-point grading scale (A, B, C, D, E, Fx and F) was introduced as of 1 July 2007. Passing grades are from A (the highest grade) to E. Those courses and programmes that have not yet converted to this system will do so no later than 1 July 2008.
- A new university credit system of higher-education credits (or ‘HECs’) has been introduced, whereby 1.5 HECs = 1 credit in the previous Swedish system. These new HECs are called högskolepoäng in Swedish.
- The BA, or first-cycle degree, comprises exactly 180 HECs, and the MA, or second-cycle degree, comprises exactly 120 HECs. In the second cycle, a Magister degree can also be granted after one year of studies.
- BA and MA students who so wish may study additional subjects, but only 180 or 120 HECs, respectively, may be included in their degree.
- The BA degree must include a major or area of concentration, within which the student must write a 15-HEC Undergraduate Essay (also called a ‘Degree Project’). It is now possible to obtain more than one BA, but each one must have a separate major.
- To apply for an advanced degree programme, a student must have completed the requirements for the undergraduate degree in question. Separate courses at the advanced level may be taken before completing the BA, but the student must fulfil the requirements for the courses in question.
- To apply for a PhD programme, a student must have obtained their BA, with 60 HECs in an appropriate field, including a 15-HEC Undergraduate Essay. In addition, specific admission requirements may apply.
- Regulations for the transition to the new system are now in effect. Students may be granted degrees under the old system up until 2015, if they began their studies before 1 July 2007.
December 1, 2011
Page editor: Henrik Dunér